Thought on the production and sales of the hottest

2022-07-23
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A year later, China's instrument industry has set a new record: as of November this year, the industry's production and sales value reached 500billion yuan

in recent years, the production and sales records of the instrument industry have been one after another: in 2004, the production and sales reached 100billion yuan, in 2006, and in 2009, the production and sales reached 400billion yuan. This year, the production and sales exceeded 500billion yuan, and the average growth rate in the past six years reached 30%

while keeping excited about the steady and rapid development of the industry, insiders also expressed concern about the problems that have occurred in the past six years

the overall operation situation of the industry is stable.

in recent years, the world economic development has not been smooth sailing. The international financial crisis in 2008 and the subsequent difficult period of economic recovery have had a significant impact on the development of various industries. However, from the relevant statistical data of China's instrument industry, the overall operation trend of the industry has been relatively stable, and the impact of the global economy and China's macro-control policies is not obvious

insiders believe that the instrument industry has been communicating with downstream customers for a long time, so it is sensitive to the changes in market demand, including energy-saving vehicles and electric vehicles, wind turbines and hydrogen and natural gas storage tanks. Over the past six years, the industry has actively developed new technologies and products while continuously improving product quality, thus effectively avoiding the impact of the external environment but the impact intensity has decreased, and ensuring the stable development of the industry

xijiacheng, an expert in the instrument industry, said that one of the main manifestations is that with the continuous promotion of national policies such as energy conservation, consumption reduction, emission reduction and low carbon, the traditional market demand has decreased, while wind power, nuclear power, intelligent power, rail transit and other industries have a large new demand for instrument products. This has become a huge driving force for the development of the industry

in 2010, driven by the above new demands, the industry showed a good situation of substantial growth in production and sales and substantial increase in profits

Xi Jiacheng said that the high industrial operation data in the first half of this year laid a good foundation for the whole year, and the growth in the second half of this year was greater than that in the first half of this year. Although the year-on-year profit growth of the industry in the second half of the year will fall due to the base number, the profit growth of the whole industry can still maintain a good state, the average monthly profit value will also continue to rise, and the profit growth of the whole year will still be higher than that of production and sales. He predicted that the profit growth of the industry would be higher than 15%

in terms of product export, the foreign market share of some instruments and meters is also expanding. According to statistics, the export delivery value of China's instrument industry increased by 39.2% year-on-year, and the export value exceeded one quarter of the total output value. The rapid growth of the whole industry is obviously driven by exports

insiders pointed out that the instrument industry has been able to develop steadily and rapidly because two major factors have formed a joint force - the three foreign-funded enterprises have come out of the trough and the industry continues to make technological progress

foreign funded enterprises are the major profit makers in the instrument industry. In 2008, affected by the financial crisis, its profit increased by -2.68% year-on-year, the first negative profit growth since the reform and opening up. However, in 2009, the company turned losses into profits and realized a year-on-year increase of 1.3%. By the first half of 2010, the growth rate of its profit has exceeded 100% year-on-year due to the difficulty of holding, and the trend of continuous profit recovery has been formed and stabilized

the continuous implementation of measures such as technological progress, economies of scale and strengthened management has further laid the foundation for the stable operation of the industry. After the financial crisis, the instrument industry has further strengthened its technological progress. The year-on-year growth of new product output value in 2008 and 2009 was 11.5% and 7.5% respectively. In the first half of 2010, the growth rate has risen to 43.46%, and the proportion of new products has reached 16.04%. At the same time, in the first half of 2010, the growth rate of enterprise product inventory was only 7.31%, and the data of working capital balance, accounts receivable, liabilities, management expenses and financial expenses were all lower than the growth rate of production and sales

the technical level of key products still needs to be improved

it is worth noting that although the profit growth of the whole industry is higher than that of last year, foreign-funded enterprises account for nearly half of the total number of enterprises in the whole industry, and the profit growth of foreign-funded enterprises is much higher than the industry average. Therefore, it is still necessary to pay close attention to the market competitiveness of the products of Chinese enterprises

the undeniable fact is that the technical content of domestic instruments and meters has been greatly improved. The application of high-tech instruments and meters such as thermal power unit automation control system DCS is regarded as a highlight of the instrument industry in 2010

Xi Jiacheng said that in recent years, China has made outstanding progress in the localization of host equipment for large-scale engineering projects, which has changed the situation of relying on imported large-scale automatic control systems in the past and will effectively break the monopoly of foreign companies

although the performance of domestic products is constantly improving, they are still at a disadvantage in the competition with foreign products. The person in charge of a large domestic automation control system manufacturer told the author that due to the technical gap and difficulties in access, China's automation control system and field instrument market has formed that domestic enterprises are the main medium and low-grade products, and foreign-funded enterprises are the main high and medium-grade products; Large and medium-sized engineering projects rely on foreign countries, and small and medium-sized engineering projects use the market pattern of domestic products. This is due to the fact that there are still some gaps in the technical performance of domestic and foreign products, as well as the fact that foreign products cut prices sharply to block the sales of domestic products

in a sense, the automatic control system and key test instruments are becoming the bottleneck of China's equipment modernization. Therefore, it is of great significance to develop automatic control systems and key precision testing instruments for major projects to meet the needs of high automation and intelligence for key construction projects and other major (complete) technical equipment

another noteworthy phenomenon is that with the continuous improvement of domestic product technology, foreign-funded enterprises are constantly adjusting their strategies to deal with it

a major adjustment of foreign-funded enterprises is to shift from large-scale investment in plant construction to transformation and supplement of original facilities. Another adjustment of foreign-funded enterprises is the change of investment mode. With the increase of domestic production costs, the production transfer investment in China has decreased, and some foreign capital has changed from investment in factory construction to OEM commissioned production

industry authorities said that the above adjustments show that foreign-funded enterprises are improving product grade and technology depth, expanding production and increasing efficiency, so as to maintain efficiency. To this end, he suggested that instrument enterprises should further strengthen their independent research and development, produce and manufacture products with independent intellectual property rights, and further strengthen communication with users to realize the practical application of the first set of products

viewpoint

localization of key instruments and meters is very important

automatic control system and key test instruments are the most important instruments and meters. The degree of localization of the above instruments and meters and the progressiveness of the domestic products are of great importance to the industrial development of a country

the importance of key instruments and meters is that without the localization of control system and key test instruments, we can not independently and completely master and develop the core technology of major equipment

measurement and automatic control technology is one of the core technologies of modern industry. Automatic control system and key test instruments are important components of major equipment. These key products monitor and control the whole process flow and product quality, ensure the safe and reliable operation of major equipment and implement efficient optimization, and are the nerve center, operation center and safety barrier of the whole equipment. Without the corresponding measurement and control equipment, the large-scale, high parameter and complex modern industrial major equipment will not be able to operate

the importance of key instruments and meters is also reflected in the need for automatic control systems and key testing instruments to establish a resource-saving and environment-friendly society and develop circular economy

automatic control system and key test instruments are important means to save energy, protect environment and realize circular economy. Whether it is rational use of resources or protection "Listen to colleagues and experts to analyze the current situation and protect the environment. The primary issue is measurement. Without measurement, there is no basis for production cost control and quality assurance, energy conservation and environmental governance. For example, in the process of industrial production, all kinds of instruments and meters are needed to test the performance of raw materials and parts and confirm the quality of finished products.

therefore, China must change the situation that key instruments and meters are dominated by foreign enterprises Situation

note: the reprinted contents are indicated with the source. The reprint is for the purpose of transmitting more information, and does not mean to agree with their views or confirm the authenticity of their contents

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