Behind the site selection of the hottest nuclear p

  • Detail

The nuclear enterprises' gambling behind the site selection of nuclear power plants: only oneortwo of 10 have been approved

four major coastal nuclear power projects, including Shidaowan phase I in Rongcheng, Shandong, xudabao phase I in Huludao, Liaoning, Lufeng phase I in Guangdong and Hongyanhe phase II in Dalian, Liaoning, will receive the approval of the State Council, which has been rampant since September 25. Fukushima nuclear leak in Japan 2. Write down the maximum load when the sample completely ruptured under load, so more than three years after it occurred, the turning point of China's nuclear power industry is about to open

however, under the repeated orders of the central authorities to start a number of coastal nuclear power projects this year, what bothered nuclear power enterprises was not only the resumption of the previously suspended approved projects, but also seizing the geomantic treasure land suitable for the construction of new nuclear power plants. The new site has become another battlefield for nuclear power enterprises to compete for market share

on September 29, the newly disclosed 13th five year plan for China's energy development will continue the original layout of nuclear power with more in the South and less in the north, more in the coast and less in the interior

however, the final settlement of a nuclear power plant needs to overcome many obstacles at the national level: more and more people are involved in the fierce competition between enterprises, and local governments are wavering between developing the economy and taking into account the resistance of the people. This is actually a big bet. Only oneortwo nuclear power plant sites are often selected and approved. Even if you are lucky, Wu Jiang, a senior researcher in the power industry and part-time professor of the school of economics of Renmin University of China, told the Economic Observer (Weibo), it can also be said to be a kind of venture capital

this leads to the mystery behind the site selection of nuclear power plants. Where a nuclear power plant is located involves a complex game involving the interests of the government, enterprises, people and other parties

the spring of nuclear power is coming again

misfortune brings good fortune and misfortune. On the morning of October 10, the CBD buildings in Beijing loomed in the haze, like a mirage, and many parts of the country have been occupied for several days in a row. At the same time, China's various energy sources such as coal, steel, photovoltaic, wind power, etc. are trapped in the quagmire of overcapacity, which has instead become one of the key factors for the samples in the nuclear power industry to be quenched and re exposed

a person from the Energy Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission told the economic observer that at present, the country is facing the pressure of carbon emissions, coupled with the instability of wind power and solar power, while nuclear power is very stable, so the country should vigorously develop nuclear power, and the development space of nuclear power in the future is larger than that of wind power and solar power

it is surprising that at present, China has 20 nuclear power units in operation, while 31 nuclear power units are under construction, accounting for 40% of the world's nuclear power units under construction, ranking first in the world

as the chairman of China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group, he Yu has been running around for days. On September 25, he Yu also attended a meeting of the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission in Beijing. Coincidentally, on the same day, it came that four coastal nuclear power projects would receive approval from the State Council, two of which were owned and controlled by CGNPC, including Lufeng phase I and Hongyanhe phase II nuclear power plants. The other two are China Nuclear Power Group and Huaneng Group, which are Liaoning xudabao project and Shandong Rongcheng Shidaowan nuclear power station respectively

several nuclear power enterprises have told the economic observer that the preliminary preparations for some coastal nuclear power projects in their hands are ready, including the four major projects to be approved, which can be started only after the State Council gives an order. Linboqiang, director of the China Energy Economy Research Center at Xiamen University, told the economic observer that there is little doubt that some of the above-mentioned four nuclear power projects that will be approved will start construction within the year. It is feared that more coastal projects will start this year and next

and the question is, although the above four projects are all projects that have been approved before and stranded due to the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, there are still projects including Shandong Haiyang phase II, Zhejiang Sanmen phase II, Fujian Fuqing phase III, etc., which are also ready for construction. Why will the first batch of valuable approvals after the reopening of the policy be spent on the above four projects

Wu Jiang told the economic observer that there are many factors involved in whether the nuclear power plant can finally be launched, but this is also inseparable from the nuclear power giant's early nuclear power plant site selection work. The site selection work is originally complex and vast, but in the outside world, various conditions have standards to rely on, but in fact, there are unfathomable mysteries

numerous hurdles

while the media disclosed that the national development and Reform Commission plans to promote the resumption of a number of coastal nuclear power projects, the group with 11 nuclear motors in operation to evaluate the ability of bundled cables to suppress flame spread under specified conditions and about 12 proposed nuclear motor groups ushered in the 20th anniversary of the birth of China Guangdong nuclear power

interestingly, when the Economic Observer conducted a field survey of the Daya Bay nuclear power plant, the birthplace of CGN, on September 25, it was found that the two megawatt units in Ling'ao phase I were only a few kilometers away from the two megawatt units in Daya Bay nuclear power plant, and further on, the two megawatt units in Ling'ao phase II

similar to the expansion of Daya Bay nuclear power station, Zhejiang Qinshan nuclear power station, the headquarters of CNNC nuclear power station, has also been expanded into phase III nuclear power station before, and the expanded Fangjiashan nuclear power station is not far from Qinshan nuclear power station

why are nuclear power giants so keen on expansion? An insider of a nuclear power enterprise told the economic observer that this is because the procedures for the early site selection of the nuclear power plant are strict and complex from getting the road strip to starting the construction, and it takes a long time. If it is expanded, the procedures are relatively simple and the time is relatively short

however, according to the insiders of the above nuclear power enterprises, the largest scale of nuclear power plants is generally 6. These analysis methods mainly control the two major differences between new plastics and recycled plastics (changes in body materials and foreign pollutants). Six million KW units are the scale, so nuclear power enterprises circumvent the site audit procedures through expansion, which is only applicable to earlier smaller nuclear power plants

it is worth noting that although the four major coastal projects are rumoured to be approved, and several major nuclear power enterprises say that as many as sixorseven coastal projects are ready, they emphasize that at present, they have not received the commencement approval from the State Council. Unlike other industries, whether a nuclear power plant can start construction must be reviewed and approved by the State Council, and the development and Reform Commission and the energy administration, the competent departments of nuclear power, are also crucial, Because they are the departments that submit the commencement application to the State Council. A nuclear power enterprise insider told the economic observer. The nuclear power enterprises try to get the project approved as soon as possible, and they want to go to the national development and Reform Commission and the Energy Bureau 30 days a month, the above-mentioned person said with a smile

insiders of the National Nuclear Safety Administration told the economic observer that the site selection of nuclear power plants should comply with the general principles of earthquake prevention, drought prevention, flood control, nuclear pollution control, etc., which requires the evaluation of the nuclear power expert group, and should be reviewed by the Seismological Bureau, water conservancy Bureau, nuclear safety bureau and many other departments, and then reported to the Energy Bureau, and the national development and Reform Commission reported to the State Council for final approval before construction can begin

because of the numerous checkpoints, the early site selection of nuclear power plants is particularly important

according to the relevant planning of the national energy administration, the site selection operation of nuclear power stations is complex and takes a long time. The contents to be studied and investigated in the site selection process include: population density and distribution, land and water resources utilization, animal and plant ecological conditions, agriculture, forestry, Fisheries and aquaculture, industrial and mining enterprises, electrical connection, geology, topography, earthquake, marine and terrestrial hydrology, meteorology and other historical data and actual conditions

a person involved in nuclear power site selection said that nuclear power plant site selection is like a beauty pageant, because there are too many conditions. If you only focus on one candidate site, a disruptive problem will be destroyed. Therefore, several promising candidate areas are often delineated first, and then the final winner or winners are determined by the elimination competition. The weighted scoring method is one of the comparison methods

The Rushan nuclear power project dates back to 1983. At that time, it was the demonstration period of Daya Bay and Qinshan nuclear power plants, the first batch of nuclear power plants in China. Shandong also selected six possible sites in Jiaodong Peninsula, including Rushan hongshiding. But so far, Rushan nuclear power plant is still stranded

According to the latest data obtained by the economic observer, after nearly 30 years of nuclear power site selection, China has completed the preliminary feasibility study, and basically determined that 67 nuclear power plant sites with an installed capacity of about 280million kW have been established, mainly concentrated in the eastern coast and 17 economically developed provinces in the middle. Guangdong accounts for 20.1%, Fujian for 10.1%, Hubei for 7.2%, Hunan for 7.2%, Zhejiang for 7.2%, Shandong for 6%

at present, the coastal plant sites listed in the national nuclear power planning plant site protection catalogue are about 110million kW, accounting for about 50% of the total plant site reserve capacity. The plant sites listed in the national nuclear power plan mainly consider the eastern coastal and central provinces with developed economies and relatively lack of energy

Taking Guangdong Province, which has the largest proportion of nuclear power reserve sites, as an example, in addition to Lufeng nuclear power station phase I in the list of coastal projects to be started this time, there are many proposed nuclear power stations, such as Haifeng nuclear power station, Jieyang nuclear power station, Shaoguan nuclear power station, Zhaoqing nuclear power station, etc. An official from the Shenzhen Municipal Development and Reform Commission told the economic observer that the Guangdong provincial government has always been very supportive of nuclear power development, and these projects were shelved because of the Japanese nuclear accident. Therefore, the site selection is not necessarily successful

a nuclear power safety expert believes that the location of nuclear power plants is becoming more and more difficult, because the national standards for nuclear power plants are consistent, and suitable nuclear power plant sites are also shared by several nuclear power giants, becoming increasingly scarce

site enclosure campaign

site selection generally takes a long time, which requires the enterprise helmsman to have strong policy sensitivity and layout in advance, otherwise it will lead to a slow pace. Wu Jiang told the economic observer

around 2006, China's nuclear power policy changed from moderate development to positive development, which is a major turning point in the nuclear power industry in the eyes of nuclear power enterprises. It was at that time that CGNPC began to expand aggressively that it finally became the second largest nuclear power enterprise in China

up to now, there are 20 nuclear power units in operation in China, including 11 CGNPC units with an installed capacity of 11.62 million KW, accounting for 64.1% of the total capacity of the country, and 9 CGNPC units with an installed capacity of 6.5 million KW, accounting for 35.9% of the country. In 2013, the national nuclear power generation was 112.1 billion kwh, equivalent to gas power and wind power, with a year-on-year increase of 14%, accounting for 2.1% of the total national power generation

in October 2007, the State Council officially approved the medium and long term development plan for nuclear power (year) submitted by the national development and Reform Commission. This marks that China's nuclear power development has entered a new climax

as a result, a round of enclosure movement of nuclear power plant site has been launched in the nuclear power industry. This is because the nuclear power industry does not plan and determine the site from top to bottom, but enterprises report the site first, first served, so nuclear power enterprises have begun to seize the site of nuclear power plants

including CNNC

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI